Steel wheels are quite different from aluminum alloy wheels. It consists of two parts: steel rim, pulley and disc and these parts are joined by welding process. In order to ensure that the rim obtained by machining hot steel remains intact at possible moments of vibration, the welding process must be carried out with great care and without error. Steel rims are usually used at the factory.
Alloy materials used in the production of aluminum alloy wheels, 90% aluminum, 10% silicon. The alloy may contain titanium, magnesium and other metals in amounts of less than 1%. During the production phase of the aluminum alloy wheel, the casting and melting of aluminum is followed by turning and milling operations. Aluminum is a more costly raw material compared to steel. For this reason, faulty wheels are separated and sent to recycling and processed again.
What’s the Difference Between Aluminum and Steel Wheels?
Aluminum alloy wheels can be machined more easily than steel wheels. Therefore, they can be produced in different models and colors. These two rim types are also quite different in weight and this difference plays a role in some drivers preferring steel and some drivers prefer aluminum alloy wheels. Aluminum rims are lighter than steel rims, and contrary to popular belief, this feature has advantages in terms of fuel use and performance. Steel wheels give cars a sporty look, while aluminum wheels are rich in model and color options. Unlike aluminum, steel can corrode over time and needs to be cleaned periodically.
Advantages of Using Steel Wheels in Cars
One of the accessories that affect the handling and performance of your vehicle, steel wheels have a flexible structure despite being heavy. They are durable and do not get damaged during driving moments such as curbstone, rough terrain. In order to reduce the increase in fuel consumption due to their heavy weight, efforts have been made to alleviate steel wheels in recent years. These studies also aim to improve the braking system’s cooling ability. Steel, which is tighter than other types, makes it difficult to cool the brake system as it prevents air circulation. With steel wheels with disc cooling, this problem can be overcome. Steel wheels, which are easy to clean, need to be regularly cleaned from dirt such as rust, brake dust and salt.
Advantages of Using Aluminum Alloy Wheels in Cars
The lightweight structure of the aluminum alloy wheels gives the driver a balanced ride and a high grip. This feature also reduces the weight of the vehicle increases fuel economy, steering is easier. Aluminum alloy wheels can quickly transfer heat from the brake system and tires. Thus, it contributes to the prolongation of tire and lining life. Aluminum alloy wheels, which can be produced in various models, give your car a privileged and personalized aesthetic. In addition to gloss and matt paint options, aluminum alloy wheels can be applied in silver, black and multicolor. They can be covered with plastic or they can be painted in your own color to create a unique style.